The Fredonia Hotel in Historic Nacogdoches
For over 50 years the Fredonia has been Nacogdoches' premier hotel, the focal point at the center of the city's historic district and the meeting place for economic and social events that have seen the development of Nacogdoches from a small town to a dynamic growing city. As a community project, the Fredonia originated from the initiative of the people, and continues today as the center for tourism and the principal meeting place for business, social, and economic conventions; arts, music, and celebratory events such as the Heritage, Nine Flags, and Blueberry Festivals. Its guest rooms overlook the historic city and are within walking distance of the major tourist sites: Plaza Principal, El Camino Real, the Sterne Hoya-House, the restored Stone Fort, Old Nacogdoches University, Oak Grove Cemetery, and the Caddo Indian Mound.
Fredonia Hotel continues as the major guest and convention center of Nacogdoches because of its attractive modern architecture which is not allusive to any previous historical style. Its mini-mall qualities anticipated, even in the middle 1950's, hostelries and shopping centers that were to combine as many social and economic activities as possible in one architectural space. Its vertical tower, approximating the 5 to 8 relationship of a golden mean rectangle, and avoiding the monotony of most construction by its offset within a rectangular block, is contrasted and yet harmoniously integrated into a series of horizontally spreading S and C curves seen in the hallway and dining room glass panels, the pool, and the encircling cabanas. It brings the natural world inside through the enclosed garden patio and follows the irregular patterns of nature in its external shape. Its offsets, angularities, and circular movements create a sense of surprise and a desire to explore.
The ancient catalpa tree, with its decorative rock and water garden showcased at the middle of the hotel, is an intuitive acknowledgment that nature, the basic model, is at the center of things and that its processional forms endure over human created architectures. Still, the tower of Fredonia---"Nacogdoches' Grand Hotel"--- was oriented either by chance, aesthetic design, or pragmatic choice in the direction of that historical processional.
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